Interrater Reliability of Examinations for Trigger Points
Characteristics, Kappa Values

Table 3. Interrater Reliability of Examinations for Trigger Points
Characteristics, Kappa Values.

Examinations Wolfe, et al. 1992 (12) Nice, et al. 1992 (41) Njoo, et al. 1994 (42) Gerwin, et al. 1995 (43)
Spot Tenderness 0.61   0.66 0.84
Jump Sign     0.70  
Pain Recognition 0.30   0.58 0.88
Palpable Band 0.29   0.49 0.85
Referred Pain 0.40 0.38 0.41 0.69
Twitch Response 0.16   0.09 0.44
Mean 0.35 0.38 .0.49 0.74

This high value is conditional, depending on the skill of examiner and in which muscle.

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